What are Terpenes and Terpenoids?
As cannabis terpenes are becoming more mainstream in the cannabis industry, many new users are still unfamiliar with what exactly terpenes are.
To answer that question:
Terpenes are a class of compounds found in the sticky resin glands of the cannabis plant that are characterized by distinct strong aromas. If you love the funky sour smell of Sour Diesel or the sweet aroma of Jack Herer, then you can thank terpenes!
Aside from providing cannabis strains with their distinct natural aromas, the various fragrances secreted by cannabis terpenes actually provide a wide array of health benefits. In fact, there are over 11 primary terpenes, and each has a unique aroma, with a corresponding set of health benefits.
The 11 Primary Cannabis Terpenes
Pinene is one of the more common terpenes and can be identified with the traditional pine smell. While its pleasant pine aroma can stimulate a better mood, research has also found Pinene to be anti-inflammatory and a bronchodilator.
Linalool is a floral-scented with a hint of spice that many know and love. Because of its unique aroma, Linalool acts as a sedative and can be used to relief stress and anxiety.
Myrcene is another very common terpene and can be found in most strains of cannabis. While most strains do contain Myrcene, each varies in concentrations levels. In higher concentrations, Myrcene’s musty earth aroma can provide sedative effects, lower concentrations can provide an almost energizing effect.
Limonene is a commonly found in Sativa strains of Cannabis as well as in the skin of many citrus fruits. Limonene is easily distinguished by its wonderful citrus aroma that can provide an elevated mood, heightened senses, and can help relieve stress and anxiety.
Ocimene is a sweet and earthy citrus-scented terpene that is found in various cannabis strains, as well as lavender, bergamot, and hops. Its unique compound structure allows Ocimene to contain antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties.
Terpinolene is a sweet, floral-scented terpene that has been commonly associated with the sweet aroma found in the Jack Herer strain. Research has shown that when inhaled, Terpinolene is able to provide anti-cancer, anti-oxidant, and sedative benefits.
Terpineol is a pleasant floral and earth-scented terpene, that is well known to provide mood enhancement and relieve stress.
Valencene is a strong citrus-scented terpene, which can also be found in the Valencia orange. Its energetic fragrance provides an elevated mood, energy, and can help relieve stress and anxiety.
Caryophyllene has a very unique sweet, earthy and spicy aroma, and is the only terpene that interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system.When introduced into our bodies, it provides anti-inflammatory and analgesic benefits.
Geraniol secretes a pleasant rose floral aroma, and, as you may infer from its name, can also be found in geraniums. Aside from a wonderful fragrance, it has shown to be a positive mood enhancer and is a great insect repellant.
Humulene has a very earthy and woody fragrance that can be most commonly associated with the aroma of hops.Humulene has exhibited anti-bacterial properties and can be used as an appetite suppressant.